Intro to Revelation Pt. 6

Introduction to Revelation Pt. 6.

September 2, 2020

Pastor Paul Aragon

Below is the PDF of the notes for Part 6. You can also click the PODCAST like to listen to the teaching!



Intro to Revelation Pt. 5

Intro to the Book of Revelation
Part 5


Pt 1 — Prologue, vision of Jesus, 7 churches (Rev 1-3)

Pt 2 — “Before the Wrath” Docudrama 

Pt 3 — Rapture (1 Thes 4), Heaven’s Throne (Rev 4)

Pt 4 — Simultaneous events in heaven and on earth 

Heaven: A. Bema seated judgement B. Marriage supper of the lamb

Earth: A. Rise of the antichrist B. Tribulation  

Transition from chapter 4 to 5

In chapter 4, John saws powerful and symbolic images that revealed God on His throne and the constant worship that takes place in His presence. It is this vision that continues into chapter 5.

Pt 5 —The Lamb and the Scroll (Rev 5,6)

Revelation 5 

Then I saw in the right hand of him who was seated on the throne a scroll written within and on the back, sealed with seven seals. And I saw a mighty angel proclaiming with a loud voice, “Who is worthy to open the scroll and break its seals?” And no one in heaven or on earth or under the earth was able to open the scroll or to look into it, and I began to weep loudly because no one was found worthy to open the scroll or to look into it. And one of the elders said to me, “Weep no more; behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has conquered, so that he can open the scroll and its seven seals.” And between the throne and the four living creatures and among the elders I saw a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, with seven horns and with seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God sent out into all the earth. And he went and took the scroll from the right hand of him who was seated on the throne. And when he had taken the scroll, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, each holding a harp, and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints. And they sang a new song, saying,

“Worthy are you to take the scroll
    and to open its seals,
for you were slain, and by your blood you ransomed people for God
    from every tribe and language and people and nation,

10 and you have made them a kingdom and priests to our God,
    and they shall reign on the earth.”

11 Then I looked, and I heard around the throne and the living creatures and the elders the voice of many angels, numbering myriads of myriads and thousands of thousands, 12 saying with a loud voice,

“Worthy is the Lamb who was slain,
to receive power and wealth and wisdom and might
and honor and glory and blessing!”

13 And I heard every creature in heaven and on earth and under the earth and in the sea, and all that is in them, saying,

“To him who sits on the throne and to the Lamb
be blessing and honor and glory and might forever and ever!”

14 And the four living creatures said, “Amen!” and the elders fell down and worshiped.

The chapter opens with John weeping.  Although John is in heaven, he is not happy but sad.  Something is not quite right.  Why, there is a major dilemma in heaven involving a scroll.  

This scroll raises lots of question?  What is it and why is it significant? Why is it sealed 7 times? Why is it written on the front and on the back? Who can be found to open it? W

Neither the identity of the scroll or its significance is explained to us.  

—a number of interpretations have surfaced

—a strong consideration is Roman will or last testament 

If you or I lived in Roman empire in the 1st century, and read the book of Revelation, we would identify this scroll with a Last Will and Testament.  This is what a Roman will looked liked and how they were sealed.  

Roman Scroll and Seal Image 

A. When the document was finished, the terms spelled out, it was rolled up. —Each witness attested to its accuracy, in this case 7, 

—the official by wrapping a string around it, tying it, putting a drop of wax on his knot and then pressing his seal into the wax made it official 

B. We are also told that even rolled up, you could see the book was written on both sides, indicating that the entire document was full of text; it’s a will with a lot of stuff in it. 

C. In the Roman Empire, wills (as in a Last Will and Testament) were officially registered and filed at the government office. This was too expensive and official for most folks.

This is a big time document and it is handle by the Father who is sitting on this throne.  Put this all together and…

—The will is the Will and Testament of the Father.

The Dilemma

Angel speaks, who is worthy to ones the scroll.  John weeps because one one qualified.  John is surround by angels, cherubim/seraphim, 4 living creatures, 24 elders and none are worth to open.  

—There’s a long pause, the situation seems hopeless.  

—John can do nothing but weep. 

Then the Lamb steps forward. He is the Heir and the Executor of the will. —He opens all seven—that was the part we were to supposed to notice.

Revelation 5 is about the opening of a will.

The seven-sealed scroll liked represents the kingdom that was promised in the Old Testament to the messiah  (Psalm 2:8; Daniel 7:14). 

Daniel 7:13-15

13 “In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man,[a] coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence. 14 He was given authority, glory and sovereign power; all nations and peoples of every language worshiped him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed.

By receiving the scroll, Jesus is receiving His inheritance—to be King over His Kingdom. 

In the beginning, Adam and Eve were given dominion over the earth.  But they yielded to temptation, succumbed to sin and lost that dominion to Satan.

Satan now rules over the earth.  You may recall Satan wanted to trade Jesus the kingdoms of this world for worship.  

Luke 4:5-7

The devil led him up to a high place and showed him in an instant all the kingdoms of the world. And he said to him, “I will give you all their authority and splendor; it has been given to me, and I can give it to anyone I want to. If you worship me, it will all be yours.”

Paul referred to Satan as the prince of the air.  

Ephesians 2:1-2

As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins, in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient.

Ephesians 6:12

12 For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms.

In Revelation 5 we are told the the time has come for the earth to be returned to its rightful heirs.  Christ has paid the price and now is preparing to take possession.  If the earth cries out for its redemption 

Romans 8

18 I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. 19 For the creation waits in eager expectation for the children of God to be revealed. 20 For the creation was subjected to frustration, not by its own choice, but by the will of the one who subjected it, in hope 21 that[h] the creation itself will be liberated from its bondage to decay and brought into the freedom and glory of the children of God.  22 We know that the whole creation has been groaning as in the pains of childbirth right up to the present time. 

The Solution 

“Only one Person in heaven and earth was found worthy to take that scroll, to open its seals, and to begin the step-by-step process of snatching control of the world from evil and forever vanquishing sin and death: Jesus Christ.

—Chuck Swindoll

When it was time to make the inheritance official, the heir and the executor had to be there and a majority of the witnesses. 

The Father’s plan was made before creation and the Son will inherit everything.

Psalm 2

1 Why do the nations conspire[a]
    and the peoples plot in vain?

2 The kings of the earth rise up
    and the rulers band together
    against the Lord and against his anointed, saying,

3 “Let us break their chains
    and throw off their shackles.”

4 The One enthroned in heaven laughs;
    the Lord scoffs at them.

5 He rebukes them in his anger
    and terrifies them in his wrath, saying,

6 “I have installed my king
    on Zion, my holy mountain.”

I will proclaim the Lord’s decree:He said to me, “You are my son; today I have become your father.

8 Ask me,
    and I will make the nations your inheritance,
    the ends of the earth your possession.

9 You will break them with a rod of iron[b];
    you will dash them to pieces like pottery.”

10 Therefore, you kings, be wise;
    be warned, you rulers of the earth.

11 Serve the Lord with fear
    and celebrate his rule with trembling.

12 Kiss his son, or he will be angry
    and your way will lead to your destruction,
for his wrath can flare up in a moment.
    Blessed are all who take refuge in him.

John is comforted, his weeping passes 

And one of the elders said to me, “Weep no more; behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has conquered, so that he can open the scroll and its seven seals.” And between the throne and the four living creatures and among the elders I saw a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, with seven horns and with seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God sent out into all the earth.

Lion and the Lamb Artwork 

—How is Jesus the Lamb of God and the Lion of  Judah 

—Lion and Lamb, big jump 

“The Lion of the tribe of Judah” and “the Root of David” are both Jewish titles. So is the lamb 

Jesus Christ, as the Lion, 

Here the imagery of the lion reflects the powerful, majestic, and kingly nature of the lion, often regarded as the king of beasts. 

Applied to Judah, this is significant because it heralds the lineage of Judah as that of kings. For out of Judah’s line, King David and his descendants would rule over Israel until the time of the Babylonian captivity); and generations later, Jesus Christ would come as a descendent of David and Judah to forge a new covenant and usher in a new kingdom of heavenly glory 

Furthermore, when Jacob says that “the scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,” he was also proclaiming the eventual eternal kingdom of Jesus Christ, who will forever as king, the scepter being a symbol of his kingly authority and lordship. 

This is the main reason why Jesus is often referred to as the Lion of the tribe of Judah.

They refer to prophecies from the Old Testament that predict there would be one from the tribe of Judah and from the family of David who would at last rule over the earth and solve its problems. 

These titles refer, then, to the King of the Jews — the very title which Pilate inscribed on the Cross of Jesus. The King of the Jews! He is the One who triumphs by his death and is able to bring about God’s kingdom on the earth.

Therefore, in the Lion we discover the power of Christ as an eternal king, and in the Lamb we find the grace of Jesus as an eternal savior.

But — when John turns to see the conquering Lion of Judah, what he sees is the slain Redeemer of the world!

The Lamb has enormous significance going back to the days of Abraham and Moses. In the Old Testament, prior to the exodus from Egypt, the children of Israel were instructed to take the blood of an unblemished lamb and smear it on the doorposts and lintel of their houses . That night, as the angel of the lord passed through Egypt to strike down the firstborn of each household, those with the blood of the lamb on their doorposts would be passed over and sparred. From that day on, the Lord commanded the Israelites to celebrate an annual Passover feast to celebrate and remember their deliverance from Egypt and commemorate God’s provision in their lives .

And in Old Testament law, the unblemished lamb was again used as a sacrifice as a covering for human sin. In those days, an innocent lamb would take the place of the one who had sinned, as the penalty for sin was death.

With Jesus Christ, however, the penalty for sin was paid for once and for all. Through his death on the cross and subsequent resurrection, Jesus became the perfect sacrifice, the pure and innocent Passover lamb who took our place, atoning for sin and ushering in a new covenant of eternal salvation for all who believe and call upon his name.

When Jesus began his earthly ministry, it was John the Baptist who proclaimed, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world, connecting Jesus to the sacrificial lamb who wouldn’t just cover sin but would ultimately take it away.

Revelation shows us the back and forth between heaven and earth.  We are encouraged that the chaos on earth is actually controlled by heaven.

1. God is on the throne 

2. The Lamb is worthy 

Look at what else we learn from this passage about Jesus Christ. John tells us in verse 6 that he saw a lamb with “seven horns”. Sounds weird and kinda hard to imagine.  

—But remember, the horn is an OT symbol for power. And when you combine that with the number seven, it becomes clear what this imagery is telling us about Jesus: He has complete power.

—The number seven is also used here in reference to the “seven eyes” of the Lamb. This description is actually explained for us as a reference to the seven spirits of God sent out into all the earth.

—The Lion and Lamb are worthy to open the scrolls and to begin the process of taking inheritance, this is Jesus kingdom.  

Now we enter the part of Revelation that is frightening.  Keep in mind this timeline is for those on the earth not in heaven.  The bride is with the groom.

There are 7 seals on the scroll that are opened.  

—the seals will occur first, early part of the tribulation period

—sometime after the Daniel 9:27 agreement 

Seals 1-4 describe the 4 horsemen of he apocalypse image

1.  Seal One — Rider on the white horse

Revelation 6

 I watched as the Lamb opened the first of the seven seals. Then I heard one of the four living creatures say in a voice like thunder, “Come!” I looked, and there before me was a white horse! Its rider held a bow, and he was given a crown, and he rode out as a conqueror bent on conquest.

This is not who you think it is 

—assume this is Jesus, he comes on a white horse 

—Jesus will at his 2nd coming but this is not it 

Satan is a copy cat 

—unholy trinity (beast, dragon and the false prophet

—fakes death and resurrection

—comes on a white horse 

2. Seal Two — Rider on the red horse 

When the Lamb opened the second seal, I heard the second living creature say, “Come!” Then another horse came out, a fiery red one. Its rider was given power to take peace from the earth and to make people kill each other. To him was given a large sword.


—antichrist will take over nations like a flood

3. Seal Three — Rider on the black horse

When the Lamb opened the third seal, I heard the third living creature say, “Come!” I looked, and there before me was a black horse! Its rider was holding a pair of scales in his hand. Then I heard what sounded like a voice among the four living creatures, saying, “Two pounds[c] of wheat for a day’s wages,[d] and six pounds[e] of barley for a day’s wages,[f] and do not damage the oil and the wine!”


—hyper inflation 

—food shortages 

4. Seal Four — Rider on the pale horse 

When the Lamb opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature say, “Come!” I looked, and there before me was a pale horse! Its rider was named Death, and Hades was following close behind him. They were given power over a fourth of the earth to kill by sword, famine and plague, and by the wild beasts of the earth.

Repeat of horse 2 and 3 

5. Seal Five — Death of the believers on earth 

When he opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of those who had been slain because of the word of God and the testimony they had maintained. 10 They called out in a loud voice, “How long, Sovereign Lord, holy and true, until you judge the inhabitants of the earth and avenge our blood?” 11 Then each of them was given a white robe, and they were told to wait a little longer, until the full number of their fellow servants, their brothers and sisters,[g] were killed just as they had been.

6. Seal Six — Earthquake

12 I watched as he opened the sixth seal. There was a great earthquake. The sun turned black like sackcloth made of goat hair, the whole moon turned blood red, 13 and the stars in the sky fell to earth, as figs drop from a fig tree when shaken by a strong wind. 14 The heavens receded like a scroll being rolled up, and every mountain and island was removed from its place.15 Then the kings of the earth, the princes, the generals, the rich, the mighty, and everyone else, both slave and free, hid in caves and among the rocks of the mountains. 16 They called to the mountains and the rocks, “Fall on us and hide us[h] from the face of him who sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb! 17 For the great day of their[i] wrath has come, and who can withstand it?”

7. Seal Seven — contains the 7 trumpets  

These harsh judgments will all take place during the seven years of the tribulation prior to Christ’s second coming and defeat of Antichrist and Satan at Armageddon. This second coming is distinct from the rapture of believers in Jesus that will take place at any moment and is prior to the tribulation period (1 Thessalonians 4:13-181 Corinthians 15:51-58). Those who believe in Jesus now will escape these judgments and enjoy the presence of God rather than endure the fearful judgments that will take place during this difficult period.

Discussion Questions 

1. Why does John weep in verse 4? Why does the lack of a worthy person produce such grief 

2. In verse 5, we are told that the Lion of Judah, the Root of David has “overcome” or “triumphed,” depending on the translation you use. The word is the same one repeated in the promises that conclude the letters to the churches in chapters 2 and 3. Look at these promises again, especially 3:21. How did Jesus overcome or triumph in a way that makes Him worthy to open this scroll?

3. Identify three characteristics of the lamb that John notes, and explain why each is important.

Download Free Digital Book : Stewart, Don. Look Up!: A Timeline of 50 Last Days Events–a-timeline-of-50-last-days-events.pdf


Intro to Revelation Pt. 4

Introduction to the Book of Revelation, Part 4


Pt 1 — Prologue, vision of Jesus, 7 churches (Rev 1-3)

Pt 2 — “Before the Wrath” Docudrama 

Pt 3 — Rapture (1 Thes 4), Heaven’s Throne (Rev 4)

Pt 4 — The simultaneous events occurring in heaven and on earth after the rapture of the church.  


      1. Judgement seat of Christ (believers standing before the bema)
      2. The Marriage super of the Lamb


Rise of the Antichrist, Great Tribulation 

A. Judgment seat of Christ

Once the rapture of the occurs, the next major event for the church is the judgment seat of Christ or the bema seat judgment, in heaven.  

Those raptured saints, dead or alive from the church age will stand individually before God to receive their rewards — tangible rewards doled out by Jesus based on a faithful life and service, and ministry for the Lord.

2 Corinthians 5:10 (NIV)

For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each of us may receive what is due us for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad.

It’s called the judgment seat “of Christ” because Jesus will be the judge. 

John 5:22 (NIV)

Moreover, the Father judges no one, but has entrusted all judgment to the Son…

The judgment seat of Christ will occur in heaven immediately after the church is raptured to heaven.

1 Corinthians 4:5

Therefore judge nothing before the appointed time; wait until the Lord comes. He will bring to light what is hidden in darkness and will expose the motives of the heart. At that time each will receive their praise from God.

Each person work for the Lord will be tested and tried.  

1 Corinthians 3:12-15

12 If anyone builds on this foundation using gold, silver, costly stones, wood, hay or straw, 13 their work will be shown for what it is, because the Day will bring it to light. It will be revealed with fire, and the fire will test the quality of each person’s work. 14 If what has been built survives, the builder will receive a reward. 15 If it is burned up, the builder will suffer loss but yet will be saved—even though only as one escaping through the flames.

Those good deeds done with right motives will survive the fire but the same good deeds done with impure motive will burn like wood, hay and straw.  God knows not only what we do, but why we do it. Examining our motives is the most searching aspect of this test.

Matthew 6:1-4

“Be careful not to practice your righteousness in front of others to be seen by them. If you do, you will have no reward from your Father in heaven.

“So when you give to the needy, do not announce it with trumpets, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and on the streets, to be honored by others. Truly I tell you, they have received their reward in full. But when you give to the needy, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, so that your giving may be in secret. Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you.

The Bema seat is not about salvation but stewardship.  It is not for sinners but the saints.  

The prize will be in the form of a crown crown.  There are 5 types of crowns mentioned 

1. The incorruptible crown (1 Cor 9:24-27)


1 Corinthians 9:24-27

24 Do you not know that in a race all the runners run, but only one gets the prize? Run in such a way as to get the prize. 25 Everyone who competes in the games goes into strict training. They do it to get a crown that will not last, but we do it to get a crown that will last forever. 26 Therefore I do not run like someone running aimlessly; I do not fight like a boxer beating the air. 27 No, I strike a blow to my body and make it my slave so that after I have preached to others, I myself will not be disqualified for the prize.

2. The crown of righteousness

2 Timothy 4:8

Now there is in store for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will award to me on that day—and not only to me, but also to all who have longed for his appearing.

3. The crown of life 

James 1:12

Blessed is the one who perseveres under trial because, having stood the test, that person will receive the crown of life that the Lord has promised to those who love him.

Revelation 2:10

10 Do not be afraid of what you are about to suffer. I tell you, the devil will put some of you in prison to test you, and you will suffer persecution for ten days. Be faithful, even to the point of death, and I will give you life as your victor’s crown.

4. The crown of rejoicing

1 Thessalonians 2:19

19 For what is our hope, our joy, or the crown in which we will glory in the presence of our Lord Jesus when he comes? Is it not you?

5. The crown of glory 

1 Peter 5:1-4

To the elders among you, I appeal as a fellow elder and a witness of Christ’s sufferings who also will share in the glory to be revealed: Be shepherds of God’s flock that is under your care, watching over them—not because you must, but because you are willing, as God wants you to be; not pursuing dishonest gain, but eager to serve; not lording it over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock. And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the crown of glory that will never fade away.

The Bema seat judgment is different than the The Great White Throne judgement.  The judgment of unrighteous people will occur at the end of the Millennium. They will be judged according to their works and cast into the lake of fire.

Revelation 20:11-15

11 Then I saw a great white throne and him who was seated on it. The earth and the heavens fled from his presence, and there was no place for them. 12 And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged according to what they had done as recorded in the books. 13 The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each person was judged according to what they had done. 14 Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. The lake of fire is the second death. 15 Anyone whose name was not found written in the book of life was thrown into the lake of fire.

B. Marriage supper of the lamb 

Revelation 19:6-9

Then I heard what sounded like a great multitude, like the roar of rushing waters and like loud peals of thunder, shouting:

    For our Lord God Almighty reigns.

7 Let us rejoice and be glad
    and give him glory!
For the wedding of the Lamb has come,
    and his bride has made herself ready.

8 Fine linen, bright and clean,
    was given her to wear.”

(Fine linen stands for the righteous acts of God’s holy people.) Then the angel said to me, “Write this: Blessed are those who are invited to the wedding supper of the Lamb!” And he added, “These are the true words of God.”

Earth: Rise of the Antichrist

Before the antichrist is revealed, the church must be gathered to the Lord in the rapture  The main purpose of the Rapture is to end the church age.

2 Thessalonians 2:1-7 NIV

Concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being gathered to him, we ask you, brothers and sisters, not to become easily unsettled or alarmed by the teaching allegedly from us—whether by a prophecy or by word of mouth or by letter—asserting that the day of the Lord has already come. Don’t let anyone deceive you in any way, for that day will not come until the rebellion occurs and the man of lawlessness[a] is revealed, the man doomed to destruction. He will oppose and will exalt himself over everything that is called God or is worshiped, so that he sets himself up in God’s temple, proclaiming himself to be God.

Don’t you remember that when I was with you I used to tell you these things? And now you know what is holding him back, so that he may be revealed at the proper time. For the secret power of lawlessness is already at work; but the one who now holds it back will continue to do so till he is taken out of the way.

v. 3 apostasia means 

1. physical departure (pre king James, 1599)

2. spiritual departure (King James bible and modern translations)

2 Thessalonians 2:3-5 1599 Geneva Bible (GNV)

Let no man deceive you by any means: [a]for that day shall not come, except there come a departing first, and that [b]that man of sin be disclosed, even the son of perdition.

The Bible speaks of an evil personage who will come on the scene of history at the time of the end. This individual will be like no one else who has ever lived. 

He is known in Scripture by many names, 

—the man of rebellion, 

—the ”lawless one,” 

—the anti anti christ

—the “Beast,” 

—Little horn and the final Gentile world ruler.

He will in actuality attempt to counterfeit Messiah and King, Jesus.

—he will deceive and lead the whole world astray 

—global leader possession great power

—force a mark on the world

Antichrist is currently a spirit that will grow in influence and culminate in a person

1 John 2:18 

Dear children, this is the last hour; and as you have heard that the antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have come.

The spirit of antichrist is the embodiment of all this is 

—other than Christ 

—in place of Christ 

—anything seeks to replace Christ

Personification of all who hate Christ 

—false teachers

—false prophets 

—pseudo Christs 

Daniel gives a good picture of this person in chapters 7-11


—oppress God’s holy people, the Jews 

—change times and laws

—devour the whole earth 

—Make false peace with the world and with the Jews

and he will exert oppressive power over God’s people for 3.5 yrs

9:27 desecrate the Jewish temple (abomination causes desolation)

11:35 will speak against the Most High

11:36 exalt himself above every God and speak against God

11:36 experience great international success 

11:37 no desire for women 

11:41 he will invade countries like a flood

Revelation 13 fills in the picture started by Daniel 

—like a beast arising out of the sea 

—global leader possession great power

—fatal wound that will be miraculously healed 

—force a mark on the world, unable to buy or sell without it 

***Ultimately Jesus will destroy the antichrist with the breath of his mouth at the second coming.  

Book of Daniel tells us that a some point, the antichrist will take an existing covenant and turn up the volume on it 

Daniel 9:27 (NIV)

He (antichrist) will confirm a covenant with many for one ‘seven.’[a

The seven-year covenant brokered by the Antichrist will usher in a temporary peace for the Middle East, and one that will briefly encompass the entire world.

Homework: read Revelation 5-8 and download Free Digital Book : Stewart, Don. Look Up!: A Timeline of 50 Last Days Events–a-timeline-of-50-last-days-events.pdf


Intro to Revelation Pt. 3

Introduction to the Book of Revelation

Part 2, Chapter 4

Review of chapters 1-3

Chapter 1 prologue and John’s vision of Jesus

Chapters 2-3 description of 7 churches, age of the church

Overview of Chapters 4-5 (see handout) 

John’s vision of heaven

Prior to the return of Jesus, there will be 2 types of church, __________ or __________.

Revelation 3:7-10

7 “To the angel of the church in Philadelphia write:

These are the words of him who is holy and true, who holds the key of David. What he opens no one can shut, and what he shuts no one can open. 8 I know your deeds. See, I have placed before you an open door that no one can shut. I know that you have little strength, yet you have kept my word and have not denied my name. 9 I will make those who are of the synagogue of Satan, who claim to be Jews though they are not, but are liars—I will make them come and fall down at your feet and acknowledge that I have loved you. 10 Since you have kept my command to endure patiently, I will also keep you from the hour of trial that is going to come on the whole world to test the inhabitants of the earth.

Revelation 3:14-18

14 “To the angel of the church in Laodicea write: These are the words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the ruler of God’s creation. 15 I know your deeds, that you are neither cold nor hot. I wish you were either one or the other! 16 So, because you are lukewarm—neither hot nor cold—I am about to spit you out of my mouth. 17 You say, ‘I am rich; I have acquired wealth and do not need a thing.’ But you do not realize that you are wretched, pitiful, poor, blind and naked. 18 I counsel you to buy from me gold refined in the fire, so you can become rich; and white clothes to wear, so you can cover your shameful nakedness; and salve to put on your eyes, so you can see.

The church at Philadelphia was promised and ____________, “see I have opened a door no man can shut” as well as reprieve from the hour of trial that is coming upon the whole world.

Revelation 4:1-2

After this I looked, and there before me was a door standing open in heaven. And the voice I had first heard speaking to me like a trumpet said, Come up here, and I will show you what must take place after this. 2 At once I was in the Spirit, and there before me was a throne in heaven with someone sitting on it.

In Revelation 1-3 the church is mentioned 19 times then in Revelation 4, the church disappears and is not mentioned again until chapter 19. Where is the church at that time? It is not found in chapters 4-18. The church doesn’t get mentioned until chapter 19 where she is with the Jesus and returning to earth for the millennium. Those same chapters 7-18 describe the great tribulation period. The church plays no role on earth at that time. Why? The church is taken away, to be with her groom. This is the blessed hope, the great rapture of the church.


  1. Whats the difference between the rapture and the tribulation?
  2. What is that going to be like when Christ comes back?
  3. What about loved ones who died before Christ’s return?
  4. What happens the moment after a “believers” last breath?

1 Thessalonians 4:13-18

13 Brothers and sisters, we do not want you to be uninformed about those who sleep in death, so that you do not grieve like the rest of mankind, who have no hope. 14 For we believe that Jesus died and rose again, and so we believe that God will bring with Jesus those who have fallen asleep in him. 15 According to the Lord’s word, we tell you that we who are still alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, will certainly not precede those who have fallen asleep. 16 For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever. 18 Therefore encourage one another with these words.

Caught up, come from the greek word Harpazo which means to take by force, catch up, to seize or snatch away suddenly and vehemently.

R – _______ (a believers death is like a siesta)

A – __________ (allows for a different kind of grief)

P – __________ (of a dramatic return)

John 14:1-2

“Do not let your hearts be troubled. You believe in God; believe also in me. 2 My Father’s house has many rooms; if that were not so, would I have told you that I am going there to prepare a place for you? 3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come back and take you to be with me that you also may be where I am.

I Thessalonians 4:14-15

14 For we believe that Jesus died and rose again, and so we believe that God will bring with Jesus those who have fallen asleep in him. 15 According to the Lord’s word, we tell you that we who are still alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, will certainly not precede those who have fallen asleep.

T – ___________ (of the living/dead)

Romans 15:51-55

51 Listen, I tell you a mystery: We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed— 52 in a flash, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. 53 For the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality. 54 When the perishable has been clothed with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality, then the saying that is written will come true: “Death has been swallowed up in victory.”

55 “Where, O death, is your victory?
Where, O death, is your sting?”

U – ___________ (a forever element)

R – ___________ (characterized by joy)

E – ___________ (source of comfort)

Titus 2:11-14

11 For the grace of God has appeared that offers salvation to all people. 12 It teaches us to say “No” to ungodliness and worldly passions, and to live self-controlled, upright and godly lives in this present age, 13 while we wait for the blessed hope—the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ, 14 who gave himself for us to redeem us from all wickedness and to purify for himself a people that are his very own, eager to do what is good.

3 Views on the Timing of the Rapture

1. Pretribulationist—often abbreviated “pre-Trib”—teaches that the church will be raptured before the seven-year Tribulation period begins (i.e., the seventieth week of Daniel). The Tribulation will begin at some point after the Rapture, marked by the Antichrist’s seven-year treaty with Israel (Daniel 9:27).

2. Mid-Tribulationist—this view holds that Christ will rapture His church midway through the seven-year Tribulation. Thus, believers will endure the first half of the seven-year Tribulation. Midtribulationists maintain that God’s wrath will be restricted to the latter half of the Tribulation, but believers will be raptured to heaven before this.

3. Posttribulationists— believe the Rapture and the Second Coming are considered one event separated by a few moments. The Rapture will occur at the end of the Tribulation concurrent with the second coming of Christ. Believers will meet Christ in the air, make a quick U-turn, and accompany Him back to the earth.

Hitchcock, Mark. The End: A Complete Overview of Bible Prophecy and the End of Days (p. 138). Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.. Kindle Edition.

The doctrine of Imminency. When it comes to imminency, there are three main ideas in mind: it could happen at any moment; it could happen without warning; and it will certainly happen, even if it doesn’t happen soon.

1 Corinthians 1:7 (NASB)—“Awaiting eagerly the revelation of our Lord Jesus Christ”

1 Corinthians 16:22 (NASB)—“Maranatha” (This word means “our Lord, come.”)

Philippians 3:20 (NASB)—“For our citizenship is in heaven, from which also we eagerly wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ.”

1 Thessalonians 1:10 (NASB)—“to wait for His Son from heaven” (The word for wait in Greek is in the present tense, which means they were to wait continuously and literally means to “wait up for” like a parent waiting up for and looking for a child that he or she expects to be home at any moment.)

Titus 2:13 (NASB)—“looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus” (Why be constantly looking for Christ if He can’t come at any moment?)

Hebrews 9:28 (NASB)—“So Christ . . . will appear a second time for salvation without reference to sin, to those who eagerly await Him.” (Why eagerly await His coming if it’s a long way off?)

James 5:7-9 (NASB)—“Be patient, brethren, until the coming of the Lord. . . . For the coming of the Lord is near. . . . Behold, the Judge is standing right at the door.”

1 Peter 1:13 (NASB)—“Fix your hope completely on the grace to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ.”

Jude 1:21 (NASB)—“waiting anxiously for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ to eternal life”

Revelation 3:11; 22:7, 12, 20 (NASB)—“I am coming quickly.”


Revelation 4:2-11

2 At once I was in the Spirit, and there before me was a throne in heaven with someone sitting on it. 3 And the one who sat there had the appearance of jasper and ruby. A rainbow that shone like an emerald encircled the throne. 4 Surrounding the throne were twenty-four other thrones, and seated on them were twenty-four elders. They were dressed in white and had crowns of gold on their heads. 5 From the throne came flashes of lightning, rumblings and peals of thunder. In front of the throne, seven lamps were blazing. These are the seven spirits[a] of God. 6 Also in front of the throne there was what looked like a sea of glass, clear as crystal.

In the center, around the throne, were four living creatures, and they were covered with eyes, in front and in back. 7 The first living creature was like a lion, the second was like an ox, the third had a face like a man, the fourth was like a flying eagle. 8 Each of the four living creatures had six wings and was covered with eyes all around, even under its wings. Day and night they never stop saying:

“‘Holy, holy, holy

is the Lord God Almighty,’[b]

who was, and is, and is to come.”

9 Whenever the living creatures give glory, honor and thanks to him who sits on the throne and who lives for ever and ever, 10 the twenty-four elders fall down before him who sits on the throne and worship him who lives for ever and ever. They lay their crowns before the throne and say:


“You are worthy, our Lord and God,
to receive glory and honor and power,
for you created all things,
and by your will they were created
and have their being.”

Symbols and Images in chapter 4

Throne in heaven! What do we find around the throne?

  • 24 Elders
  • Thunder & lightning
  • 7 Lamps
  • Sea of Glass
  • 4 Living Creatures

Homework for next week”: Read Chapters 5-8